World Health Organization Collaborative Cross-National Study

The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey is a WHO collaborative cross-national study that monitors the health behaviours, health outcomes and social environments of school-aged children every four years. HBSC Ireland surveys school-going children aged 9-18 years. The study is conducted by the HBSC Ireland team, based at the Health Promotion Research Centre, University of Galway.


Költő, A. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2023). Sexual Behaviour in Sexual Minority and Non-minority Youth in Ireland. In: Górnicka, B., Doyle, M. (eds.). Sex and Sexualities in Ireland. Genders and Sexualities in the Social Sciences. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, . DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-36550-8_11

Nic Gabhainn, S., Kelly, C., & Sixsmith, J. (2023). Participatory research process: Working with children for children. In D. Jourdan, & L. Potvion (Eds.) Global Handbook of Health Promotion Research, Vol, 3. Cham: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-20401-2_19

Choi, Y-C., Lee, J-H., & Jang, J-H. (2022). Determining the Relationships between Factors Affecting Adolescents’ Happiness in OECD Countries. In C-C. Kuo (Ed). New Innovation in Economics, Business and Management, Vol 4. ISBN 978-93-5547-408-7    DOI: 10.9734/bpi/niebm/v4/1938C 

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, United Nations Children's Fund, & United Nations World Food Programme. (2023). Ready to learn and thrive: School health and nutrition around the world. Paris: UNESCO, UNICEF, WFP. (ISBN: 978-92-3-100573-2)  download

Kelly, C., Daniels, N., Burke, L., Költő, A., O’Donnell, A., McGovern, O., & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2021). The process and impact of involving children in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. In D. Horgan & D. Keenan (Eds.) Child and Youth Participation in Policy, Practice and Research. London: Routledge. DOI: 10.4324/9781003099529

Ketting, E., Brocksmidt, L., Renner, I., Luyckfasseel, L., & Ivanova, O. (2018). Sexualtiy education in Europe and Central Asia: recent developments and current status. In Dora Julia Onofre-Rodríguez (Editor), María Aracely Márquez-Vega (Editor), Raquel Alicia Benavides-Torres, PhD (Editor), Rosalva del Carmen Barbosa-Martínez (Eds.) Sex Education: Global Perspectives, Effective Programs and Socio-Cultural Challenges. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. ISBN: 978-1-53613-127-7

Molcho, M., Kelly, C., & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2011). Immigrant children in Ireland: health and social wellbeing of first and second generation immigrants. In M. Dermody, N. Tyrrell, & Song, S. (Eds.) Ethnic Minority Children and Youth in Ireland. Rotterdam: Brill Sense.  (ISBN: 9789460914751)

Richter, M., Leppin, A., Nic Gabhainn, S., & Hurrelman, K. (2007). The impact of socio-economic status on adolescent drinking behaviour. In M. Jarvinen & R. Roon (Eds.) Youth Drinking Cultures. Aldershot: Ashgate. (ISBN: 9780754649960)

Currie, C. (2001). Socioeconomic circumstances among school-aged children in Europe and North America. In K. Vleminckx & T.M. Smeeding (Eds.), Child Well-being, Child Poverty and Child Policy in Modern Nations: What do we know? Bristol: Policy Press. (ISBN: 1861342535)

François, Y. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2000). L'alcool en Europe a 11, 13 et 15 ans. Enquete HBSC (Health Behaviour in School-aged Children), OMS. In F. Navarro, E Godeau & C. Vialas (Eds.) Actes du colloque interdisciplinaire les jeunes et l'alcool en Europe. Toulouse: Editions Univers du Sud.  download  

Nic Gabhainn, S. (2000). Meaning and measurement in health promotion strategies to combat substance abuse. In C. Kelleher & R. Edmundson (Eds.), Health Promotion: Multidiscipline or New Discipline. Dublin: Irish Academic Press. (ISBN: 0716527111) 

Nic Gabhainn, S. & Walsh, F. (2000). Drug prevention: Perspectives on family and community interventions. In P. Dolan, J. Canavan, & J. Pinkerton (Eds.), Family Support: Direction from Diversity. London: Jessica Kingsley. (ISBN: 1853028509)