HEALTH BEHAVIOUR IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN (HBSC) IRELAND

World Health Organization Collaborative Cross-National Study


The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey is a WHO collaborative cross-national study that monitors the health behaviours, health outcomes and social environments of school-aged children every four years. HBSC Ireland surveys school-going children aged 9-18 years. The study is conducted by the HBSC Ireland team, based at the Health Promotion Research Centre, University of Galway.

International Reports containing HBSC Ireland data are listed alphabetically by author within year of publication: 

2024

Charrier, L., van Dorsselaer, S., Canale, N., Baska, T., Kilibarda, B., Comoretto, R.I., Galeotti, T., Brown, J., & Vieno, A. (2024).  A focus on adolescent substance use in Europe, central Asia and Canada. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children international report from the 2021/2022 survey. Volume 3. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

Child and adolescent health in Europe: report on progress to 2021. (2024). Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

Cosma, A., Molcho, M., & Pickett, W. (2024). A focus on adolescent peer violence and bullying in Europe, central Asia and Canada. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children international report from the 201/2022 survey. Volume 2. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

Goodger, S. & Kennedy, A. (2024). The situation of young carers in Europe. Luxembourg: Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies. Published for the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs. download

Rakić, J.G., Hamrik, Z., Dzielska, A., Felder-Puig, R., Oja, L., Bakalár, P., Nardone, P., Ciardullo, S., Abdrakhmanove, S., Adayeva, A., Kelly, C., Fismen, A-S., Wilson, M., Brown, J., Inchley, J., & Ng, K. (2024). A focus on adolescent physical activity, eating behaviours, weight status and body image in Europe, central Asia and Canada. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children international report from the 2021/2022 survey. Volume 4. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe download

Working for a brighter, healthier future: how WHO improves health and promotes well-being for the world’s adolescents, second edition. (2024). Geneva: World Health Organization. download

2023

Borgonovi, F., Seitz, H., & Vogel, I. (2023). Swimming skills around the world: Evidence on inequalities in life skills across and within countries. OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers No. 281. download

Bruni L, Albero G, Serrano B, Mena M, Collado JJ, Gómez D, Muñoz J, Bosch FX, de Sanjosé S., &  ICO/IARC Information Centre on HPV and Cancer (HPV Information Centre). (2023). Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases in Ireland. Summary Report. Barcelona: ICO/IARC Information Centre on HPV and Cancer. March 2023. download

Cosma, A., Abdrakhmanova, S., Taut, D., Schrijvers, K., Catunda, C., & Schnohr, C. (2023). A focus on adolescent mental health and well-being in Europe, central Asia and Canada. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children international report from the 2021/2022 survey. Volume 1. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. https://iris.who.int/handle/10665/373201.

Cosma, A., Bersia, M., Abdrakhmanova, S., Badura, P., & Gobina, I(‎2023)‎. Coping through crisis: COVID-19 pandemic experiences and adolescent mental health and well-being in the WHO European Region: impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on young people’s health and well-being from the findings of the HBSC survey round 2021/2022. Copenhagen: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/369474. (Key Findings)

Elgar, F.J.Lahti, H.Ferreira Lopes, J.Melkumova, M., & Bilz, L(‎2023)‎. Navigating uncharted territory: school closures and adolescent experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic in the WHO European Region: impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on young people’s health and well-being from the findings of the HBSC survey round 2021/2022. Copenhagen: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/369723. (Key Findings)

Erikkson, C., Boniel-Nissim, M.Lyyra, N.Moor, I.Paakkari, L., Kulmala, M(‎2023)‎. A network of care: the importance of social support for adolescents in the WHO European Region during the COVID-19 pandemic: impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on young people’s health and well-being from the findings of the HBSC survey round 2021/2022. Copenhagen: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/369716 (Key Findings)

Flecha, R., Puigvert, L., & Racionero-Plaza, S. (2023). Achieving student well-being for all: Educational contexts free of violence, NESET report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. DOI: 10.2766/463854. download

Mezzanotte, C. & C. Calvel. (2023). Indicators of inclusion in education: A framework for analysis. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 300. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Ng, K., Moreno-Maldonado, C., Stavrou, M.,  & Lenzi, M. (2023). Left behind: inequalities in the negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic among adolescents in the WHO European Region. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on young people’s health and well-being from the findings of the HBSC survey round 2021/2022. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.  https://www.who.int/europe/publications/i/item/WHO-EURO-2023-8920-48692-72363 

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2023). Health at a Glance 2023: OECD Indicators. Paris  OECD Publishing. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development, and the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. (2023). State of Health in the EU. Ireland: Country health profile 2023. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development / World Health Organization. (2023). Step Up! Tackling the Burden of Insufficient Physical Activity in Europe. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/500a9601-en.

Residori, C.Költő, A., Várnai, D.E., & Nic Gabhainn, S. (‎2023)‎. Age, gender and class: how the COVID-19 pandemic affected school-aged children in the WHO European Region: impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on young people’s health and well-being from the findings of the HBSC survey round 2021/2022. Copenhagen: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/369715. (Key Findings)

Vlad, I. & O’Mara, J. (2023). Moving Policy Index. Physical activity policy in 30 European countries. (2023). London: World Cancer Research Fund International. May 2023. download

World Obesity. (2023). Report Card: Ireland. London: Global Obesity Observatory. download
(see also https://data.worldobesity.org/country/ireland-99/)

2022

Clarke, C. and O. Thévenon. (2022). "Starting unequal: How’s life for disadvantaged children?", OECD Papers on Well-being and Inequalities, No. 06. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/a0ec330c-en.

European Commission. (2022). Commission Staff Working Document – April 2022. Accompanying the Commission proposal for a Council Recommendation on Pathways to School Success. Brussels: European Commission. download

European Commission, Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture. (2022). Pathways to school success – Commission staff working document, accompanying the document Proposal for a Council recommendation on pathways to school success. Brussels: Publications Office of the European Union. download

Gottschalk, F. (2022). "Cyberbullying: An overview of research and policy in OECD countries", OECD Education Working Papers, No. 270. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Hundeloh, H. & Bollmann, U. (2022). Better schools by promoting musculoskeletal health. A strategic approach for promoting exercise and preventing MSDs in schools. Report. Brussels: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2022). Healthy Eating and Active Lifestyles: Best Practices in Public Health. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development / European Union. (2022). Health at a Glance: Europe 2022: State of Health in the EU Cycle. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/507433b0-en. 

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. (2022). Statistics on Children Spotlight on children exposed to violence, in alternative care, and with disabilities. Geneva: United Nations. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (‎2022)‎. WHO European Regional Obesity Report 2022. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

2021

Barbieri, D., García Cazola, A., Thil, L., Mollard, B., Ochmann, J., Peciukonis, V., Reingarde, J., & Salanauskaite, L. (2021). Gender Equality Index 2021. Vilnius: European Institute for Gender Equality. download

Bruni, L., Albero, G., Serrano, B., Mena, M., Collado, J.J., Gómez, D., Muñoz, J., Bosch, F.X., & de Sanjosé, S. (2021). Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases Report: Ireland. Barcelona: ICO/IARC Information Centre on HPV and Cancer (HPV Information Centre). download

Cefai, C., Simões, C., & Caravita, S. (2021). A systemic, whole-school approach to mental health and well-being in schools in the EU: analytical report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. DOI: 10.2766/50546. download

European Commission, Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture, Pletosu, T., Airaghi, E., & Goffredo, S. (2021). Mapping of sport statistics and data in the EU – Final report to the European Commission, Brussels: Publications Office, European Union. download

European Commission, Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture, Simões, C., Caravita, S., & Cefai, C. (2021). A systemic, whole-school approach to mental health and well-being in schools in the EU – Analytical report. Brussels: Publications Office of the European Union. download

Högberg, B., & Horn, D. (2021). High-stakes national testing, gender and school stress in Europe–A difference-in-difference analysis (No. 2111). Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies. https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/237555/1/CERSIEWP202111.pdf

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2021). Health at a Glance 2021: OECD Indicators. Paris: OECD.  https://doi.org/10.1787/ae3016b9-en

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2021). Measuring What Matters for Child Well-being and Policies. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2021). Preventing Harmful Alcohol Use. OECD Health Policy Studies. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development and European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. (2021). State of Health in the EU. Ireland: Country health profile 2021. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

United Nations Children's Fund. (2021). The State of the World’s Children 2021: On My Mind – Promoting, protecting and caring for children’s mental health. New York: UNICEF. download (see also the Interactive dashboard)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2021). Definition of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) thematic indicator 4.a.2: Percentage of students who experienced bullying in the last 12 months. Paris: UNESCO. download

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2021). SDG 4: Education 2030: Part ll. Preventing and combating school violence and bullying. Paris: UNESCO. download

World Health Organization. (2021). WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, fourth edition. Geneva: World Health Organization. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (‎2021)‎. Adolescents taking the lead: thematic background papers for a multistakeholder consultation to promote adolescent well-being in the WHO European Region, 6–7 July 2021. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (‎2021)‎. Multistakeholder consultation to promote adolescent well-being in the WHO European Region, 6–7 July 2021. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

2020

Burns, T. & Gottschalk, F. (Eds.). (2020). Education in the Digital Age: Healthy and Happy Children, Educational Research and Innovation. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

CF S.A and RAND Europe. (2020). Final Report: Support study to the report on the application of Directive 2014/40/EU. Brussels: European Commission. download

ESPAD Group. (2020). ESPAD Report 2019: Results from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs. Luxembourg: EMCDDA Joint Publications, Publications Office of the European Union. download

European Commission, Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs. (2020). Final Assessment of the EU Drugs Strategy 2013 – 2020 and the EU Action Plan on Drugs 2017 – 2020. Annexes. Brussels: Publications Office European Commission. download

Ginestra, C. (2020). School-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) –A human rights violation and a threat to inclusive and equitable quality education for all. Background paper prepared for the Global Education Monitoring Report Gender Report. ED/GEMR/MRT/2020/P1/41. Paris: UNESCO. download

Gromada, A., Rees, G., & Chzhen, Y. (2020). Worlds of Influence: Understanding what shapes Child Well-being in Rich Countries.  Innocenti Report Card 16, Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download

Hansen, K.F. & Stutzer, A. (2020). Parental Unemployment, Social Insurance and Child Well-being across Countries. Institute of Labor Economics Discussion Paper Series IZA DP No. 13752. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3704135download

Inchley, J., Currie, D., Budisavljevic, S., Torsheim, T., Jåstad, A., Cosma, A., Kelly, C., Arnarsson, A.M., & Samdal, O. (‎2020)‎. Spotlight on Adolescent Health and Well-being. Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (‎HBSC)‎ survey in Europe and Canada. International report. Summary. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download  

Inchley, J., Currie, D., Budisavljevic, S., Torsheim, T., Jåstad, A., Cosma, A., Kelly, C., & Arnarsson, A.M. (‎2020)‎. Spotlight on Adolescent Health and Well-being. Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (‎HBSC)‎ survey in Europe and Canada. International report. Volume 1. Key findings. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Inchley, J., Currie, D., Budisavljevic, S., Torsheim, T., Jåstad, A., Cosma, A., Kelly, C., Arnarsson, A.M., & Samdal, O. (‎2020)‎. Spotlight on Adolescent Health and Well-being. Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (‎HBSC)‎ survey in Europe and Canada. International report. Volume 2. Key data. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Miho, A. & Thévenon, O. (2020). Treating all children equally?: Why policies should adapt to evolving family living arrangements. OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No. 240. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development / European Union. (2020). Health at a Glance: Europe 2020: State of Health in The EU Cycle. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/82129230-en

Pearce, A., Mason, K., Fleming, K., Taylor-Robinson, D., & Whitehead, M. (2020). Reducing inequities in health across the life-course: early years, childhood and adolescence. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download 

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2020). Final reports on Investing in Children: the European Child and Adolescent Health Strategy 2015–2020 and the European Child Maltreatment Prevention Action Plan 2015–2020. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2020). Youth: The future is ours! Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

2019

Burns, T. & Gottschalk, F. (Eds.) (2019), Educating 21st Century Children: Emotional Well-being in the Digital Age, Educational Research and Innovation, OECD Publishing, Paris. download

Eurofound. (2019). Household composition and well-being. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. download

Eurofound, Clevers, F., Sándor, E., & Ludwinek, A. (2019). Inequalities in the access of young people to information and support services. Luxembourg: Publications Office. download

European Education and Culture Executive Agency, Eurydice. (2019).Digital education at school in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. download

European Institute for Gender Equality. (2019). Gender Equality and Youth: Opportunities and Risks of Digitalisation. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. download

Food Foundation. (2019). Children’s Future Food Inquiry. UK: Food Foundation. download

Global Education Monitoring Report Team. (2019). Global education monitoring report 2019: Building bridges for gender equality. Paris: UNESCO. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development, and the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. (2019). State of Health in the EU. Ireland: Country health profile 2019. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Scott, E., Whitehead, R., Aleman-Diaz, A.Y., & Weber, M. (2019). Adolescent Health and Development in the WHO European Region: Can we do better? Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Shah, R., Hagell, A., & Cheung, R. (2019). International comparisons of Health and Wellbeing in Adolescence and Early Adulthood. London: Nuffield Trust. download

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2019). Behind the Numbers: Ending School Violence and Bullying. Paris: UNESCO. download

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2019). Ending school bullying: focus on the Arab States; UNESCO’s contribution to the policy dialogue on bullying and learning organized by the Regional Center for Educational Planning United Arab Emirates, April 2019. New York: UNESCO. download

World Health Organization. (2019). WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. Geneva: World Health Organization. download

World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. (‎2019)‎. Action plan on youth drinking and on heavy episodic drinking (binge drinking). (2014-2016). Endorsed by CNAPA. Progress evalluation report. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe. (2019). European Tobacco Use: Trends Report 2019. Copenhagen: World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. (‎2019)‎. Healthy, prosperous lives for all: the European Health Equity Status Report. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

2018

Boer, JMA., Blokstra, A., Vennemann, F., Pushkarev, N., Driesenaar, J., Hansen, J.,  & Pushkarev, N. (2018). Supporting the mid-term evaluation of the EU action plan on childhood obesity – The childhood obesity study. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. download 

European Commission, Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture, Paolini, G., Motiejūnaitė, A., & Horváth, A. (2018). Situation of young people in the European Union – Commission staff working document. Brussels: European Commission. download 

Fumarco, L. & Stijin, B. (2018). Relative age effect on European Adolescents' Social Network.  GLO discussion paper no. 277. Maastricht: Global Labor Organization. download

Fumarco, L. & Stijin, B. (2018). Younger and Dissatisfied? Relative Age and Life-satisfaction in Adolescence. GLO discussion paper no. 278. Maastricht: Global Labor Organization. download

Hooft Graafland, J. (2018). New technologies and 21st century children: Recent trends and outcomes. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 179. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

ICF Consulting Services Ltd. (2018). Calorie consumption and physical activity engagement:patterns and trends in Europe. Review of scientific evidence and policies on nutrition and physical activity – Objective B1: A comprehensive review of the scientific evidence about the source of calories consumed and types and frequency of physical activity among Europeans. Summary Report. Brussels: European Commission. download

ICF Consulting Services Ltd. (2018). Fruit juices, sugar sweetened beverages and artificially sweetened beverages: consumption patterns and impact on overweight and obesity – Review of scientific evidence and policies on nutrition and physical activity-Objective B2: Consumption, energy intake and impact of fruit juices and of artificially and sugar sweetened beverages, summary report. Brussels: European Commission. download

ICF Consulting Services Ltd. (2018). Review of scientific evidence and policies on nutrition and physical activity – Objective B1: A comprehensive review of the scientific evidence about the source of calories consumed and types and frequency of physical activity among Europeans. Brussels: European Commission. download 

ICF Consulting Services Ltd. (2018). Reviews of scientific evidence and policies on nutrition and physical activity. Objective B2: Consumption, energy intake and impact of fruit juices and of artificially and sugar sweetened beverages. Brussels: European Commission. download 

ICF Consulting Services Ltd. (2018). Reviews of scientific evidence and policies on nutrition and physical activity – Objective area C – A comprehensive review of the scientific evidence on the effect of overweight/obesity and/or inadequate physical activity on school or work performance. Brussels: European Commission. download 

ICF Consulting Services Ltd. (2018). Reviews of scientific evidence and policies on nutrition and physical activity – Objective area D – Early warning indicators, Brussels: European Commission. download

Inchley, J., Currie, D., Vieno, A., Torsheim, T., Ferreira-Borges, C., Weber, M.M., Barnekow, V., & Breda, J. (Eds.) (2018). Adolescent alcohol-related behaviours: trends and inequalities in the WHO European Region, 2002-2014. Observations from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study. Copenhagen: World Health Orgainzation Regional Office for Europe. download.

Ketting, E. & Ivanova, O. (2018). Sexuality Education in Europe and Central Asia. State of the art and recent developments: An overview of 25 countries. Cologne: Federal Centre for Health Education BZgA. download.

Ketting, E. & Ivanova, O. (2018). Sexuality Education in the WHO European Region. Ireland. Cologne: Federal Centre for Health Education BZgA. download.

Ketting, E. & Ivanova, O. (2018). Sexuality education in the WHO European Region. Regional overview of the status of Sexuality Education in 25 countries of the WHO European Region. Cologne: Federal Centre for Health Education BZgA. download.

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2018). Children and Young People's Mental Health in the Digital Age. Shaping the future. Paris: OECD. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2018). Opportunities for All: A Framework for Policy Action on Inclusive Growth. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Richardson, D. & Fen Hiu, C. (2018). Developing a Global Indicator on Bullying of School-aged Children. Innocenti Working Paper WP-2018-11.  Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2018). School violence and bullying: Global status and trends, drivers and consequences. Paris: UNESCO. download

World Health Organization. (2018). European Health Report 2018: More than numbers - Evidence for all. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization. (2018). Physical Activity Factsheets for the 28 European Union Member States of the WHO European Region. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization. (2018). Situation of Child and Adolescent Health in Europe. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization. (2018). The Health and Well-being of Men in the WHO European Region: Better health through a Gender Approach. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download.

World Health Orgainzation. (2018). WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco smoking 2000-2025, second edition. Geneva: World Health Organization. download

World Health Orgainzation Regional Office for Europe. (2018). Better food and nitrition in Europe: a progress report monitoring policy implementation in the WHO European region. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Orgainzation Regional Office for Europe. (2018). Progress reports on Investing in Children: the European Child and Adolescent Health Strategy 2015–2020 and the European Child Maltreatment Prevention Action Plan 2015–2020. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Orgainzation Regional Office for Europe. (2018). Targets and indicators for Heath 2020. Version 4. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

2017

Bruckauf, Z. (2017). Adolescent Mental Health. Out of the Shadows – Evidence on Psychological well-being of 11-15-year-olds from 31 Industrialized Countries.  Innocenti Research Brief, 2017/12. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti. download 

European Commission, Eurostat. (2017). Sustainable development in the European Union – Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context – 2017 edition. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. download 

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2017). Health at a Glance 2017: OECD Indicators. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development, and the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. (2017). State of Health in the EU. Ireland: Country health profile 2017. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Richardson, D. Brukauf, Z., Toczydlowska, E., & Chxhen, Y. (2017). Comparing child-focused sustainable development goals (SDGs) in high-income countries: indicator development and overview. Innocenti working paper 2017-08. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download

United Nations Children's Fund. (2017). A Familiar Face: Violence in the lives of children and adolescents. New York: UNICEF. download

United Nations Children's Fund. (2017). Building the Future: Children and the Sustainable Development Goals in Rich Countries. Innocenti Report Card 14. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2017). Good policy and practice in health education. Booklet 10. Education sector responses to the use of alcohol, tobacco and drugs. Paris: UNESCO, Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Geneva: WHO. download

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2017). School violence and bullying. Global status report. Paris: UNESCO. download

World Health Orgainzation. (2017). Adolescent Obesity and Related Behaviours: Trends and inequalities in the WHO European Region, 2002–2014. Observations from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization. (2017). WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2017: Monitoring tobacco use and prevention policies. Geneva: World Health Organization. download

World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe. (2017). Tobacco-free generational. Protecting children from tobacco in the WHO European Region. Denmark: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

2016

Elgar, F.J. & Currie, C. (2016). Early-life Exposure to Income Inequality and Adolescent Health and Well-being: Evidence from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Study. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download.

European Commission, Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs. (2016). Mid-term assessment of the EU drugs strategy 2013-2020 and final evaluation of the action plan on drugs 2013-2016 – Final report. Brussels: Publications Office European Commission. download

Inchley, J., Currie, D., Young, T., Samdal, O., Torsheim, T., Augustson, L., Mathison, F., Aleman-Diaz, A., Molcho, M., Weber, M., & Barnekow, V. (eds). (2016). Growing-up unequal: gender and socioeconomic differences in young people's health and well-being. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2013/2014 survey. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download.

Office on the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence Against Children. (2016). Ending the torment: tackling bullying from the schoolyard to cyberspace. New York: United Nations Publications. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2016). How's life in Ireland? Paris: The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development / European Union. (2016). Health at a Glance: Europe 2016 – State of Health in the EU Cycle. Paris: The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. download

Regional Committee for Europe 66th Session. (2016). Sixty-sixth Regional Committee for Europe: Copenhagen, 12–15 September 2016: Moving from vision to action: report of the Regional Director on the work of WHO in the European Region in 2014–2015. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. download

Regional Committee for Europe 66th Session. (2016). Sixty-sixth Regional Committee for Europe: Copenhagen, 12–15 September 2016: progress reports. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. download

United Nations Children's Fund. (2016). Fairness for Children: A league table of Inequality in Child Well-being in Rich Countries. Innocenti Report Card 13. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download

Walsh, S. D., Bruckauf, Z., & Gaspar, T. (2016). Adolescents at risk. Psychosomatic Health Complaints, Low Life Satisfaction, Excessive Sugar Consumption and their relationship with Cumulative Risks. Innocenti Working Paper No.2016-13. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2016). Improving the quality of care for reproductive, maternal, neonatal, child and adolescent health in the European Region. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2016). Physical Activity Strategy for the WHO European Region 2016-2025. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the download

2015

Joint Research Centre European Commission. (2015). Country profiles on national school food policies across the EU28 plus Norway and Switzerland. Ispra: European Union. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2015). Health at a Glance 2015: OECD Indicators. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2015). How's life? 2015: Measuring Well-being. Paris: The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. download

Regional Committee for Europe, 65th session. (‎2015)‎. Sixty-fifth Regional Committee for Europe: Vilnius, 14–17 September 2015: the work of WHO in the European Region in 2014–2015: interim report of the Regional Director. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2015). Beyond the mortality advantage. Investigating women’s health in Europe. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2015). European Food and Nutrition Action Paln 2015-2020. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe & United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. (‎2015)‎. Improving environment and health in Europe: how far have we gotten? Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2015). The European health report 2015. Targets and beyond – Reaching new frontiers in evidence. Copenhagen WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

2014

Loring, B. (2014). Tobacco and inequities. Guidance for addressing inequities in tobacco-related harm. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. download

Loring, B., & Robertson, A. (2014). Obesity and inequities. Guidance for addressing inequities in overweight and obesity. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Mitis, F., Sethi, D., Crispion, V., & Galea, G. (2014). European facts and the Global status report on violence prevention 2014. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

UCL Institute of Health Equity. (2014). Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region: final report. Updated reprint 2014. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization. (2014). Global status report on alcohol and health 2014. Geneva: World Health Organization. download

World Health Organization. (2014). Health for the World's Adolescents: A second chance in the second decade. Geneva: World Health Organization. download

World Health Organization. (2014). Realizing our Vision: Report of the Regional Director on the work of WHO in the European Region in 2012–2013. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

World Health Organization. (2014). Regional Committee for Europe 64th Session: Investing in children the European Child andAdolescent Health Strategy 2015-2020. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

2013

Bradshaw, J., Martorano, B., Natal, L., & de Neubourg, C. (2013). Children's Subjective Well-being in Rich Countries.  Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download 

Bruun Jensen, B., Currie, C., Dyson, A., Eisenstadt, N., & Melhuish, E. (2013). Early years, family and education task group report: European review of social determinants of health and the health divide in the WHO European Region. Copenhagen: World Health Organizition for Europe. download

Molcho, M. (2013). The development and use of a set of children’s well-being indicators in Ireland. In: V. Barnekow, B. Bruun Jensen, C. Currie, A. Dyson, N. Eisenstadt and E. Melhuish (Eds.) Improving the lives of Children and Young People: Case studies from Europe. Volume 2. Childhood. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Martorano, B., de Neubourg, C., Natal, L., & Bradshaw, J. (2013). Child Well-being in Economically Rich Countries: Changes in the first decade. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download 

Martorano, B., Natal, L., de Neubourg, C., & Bradshaw, J. (2013). Child Well-being in Advanced Economics in the late 2000's. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download 

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2013). Health at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

Regional Committee for Europe, 63rd session. (‎2013)‎. Sixty-third Regional Committee for Europe: Çeşme Izmir, 16–19 September 2013: the work of WHO in the European Region in 2012–2013: interim report of the Regional Director. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. download

UCL Institute of Health Equity. (2013). Review of Social Determinants and the Health Divide in the WHO European Region: final report. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

United Nations Children's Fund. (2013). Child Well-being in Rich Countries: A comparative overview. Innocenti Report Card 11. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download 

United Nations Children's Fund. (2013). Child Well-being in Rich Countries: A comparative overview. Ireland. Innocenti Report Card 11. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download 

United Nations Children's Fund, United Kingdom. (2013). Child Well-being in Rich Countries: A comparative overview. Ireland. Innocenti Report Card 11 breifing. London: United Kingdom Committee for UNICEF. download

World Health Organization. (2013). Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Ireland. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization. (2013). WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2013: Enforcing bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. Geneva: World Health Organization. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2013). Country profiles on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity in the 28 European Union Member States of the WHO European Region. Methodology and Summary. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2013). Country profiles on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity in the 53 WHO European Region Member States. Methodology and Summary. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2013). The European health report 2012. Charting the way to well-being. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

2012

Currie, C., Zanotti, C., Morgan, A., Currie, D., de Looze, M., Roberts, C., Samdal, O., Smith, O., & Barnekow, V. (eds). (2012). Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Kelly, P., Matthews, A., & Foster, C. (‎2012)‎. Young and physically active: a blueprint for making physical activity appealing to youth. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. download 

Regional Committee for Europe 62nd Session. (2012). Sixty-second Regional Committee for Europe: Malta, 10–13 September 2012: Report of the Regional Director on the work of WHO in the European Region in 2010–2011. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. download

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2012). Good Policy and Practice in HIV and Health Education Booklet 8 Education sector responses to homophobic bullying. Paris: UNESCO. download

WHO Regional Office for Europe. (2012). What we’ve achieved together: report of the Regional Director on the work of WHO in the European Region in 2010–2011. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

2011

Mendis, S., Puska, P., & Norrving, B., the World Health Organization, the World Heart Federation, & the World Stroke Organization. (2011). Global Atlas on cardiovascular disease prevention and control. Geneva: World Health Organization. download

TÁRKI. (2011). Child well-being in the European Union – Better Monitoring Instruments for Better Policies. Report prepared for the State Secretariat for Social Inclusion of the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice, Budapest. download 

2010

United Nations Children's Fund. (2010). The Children Left Behind: A league table of Inequality in Child Well-being in the World’s Rich Countries. Innocenti Report Card 9. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2010). Review of physical activity surveillance data sources in European Union Member States. Copenhagen: WHO regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2010). WHO/HBSC Forum 2009. Socio-environmentally determined Health Inequities among Children and Adolescents. Summary of outcomes, background papers and country case studies. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

2009

Boonen, A., de Vries, N., de Ruiter, S., Bowker, S., & Buijs, G. (2009). Healthy Eating and Physical Activity in Schools Guidelines. The Netherlands: NIGZ. download

Brooks, F., van der Sluijs, W., Klemera, E., Morgan, A., Magnusson, J., Nic Gabhainn, S., Roberts, C., Smith, R., & Currie, C. (2009). Young People's Health in Great Britain and Ireland: Findings from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Survey, 2006. Cardiff: Welsh Government. download  

Mladovsky, P., Allin, S., Masseria, C., Hernandez-Quevedo, C., McDaid, D., & Mossialos, E. (2009). Health in the European Union: Trends and Analysis. Copenhagen: World Health Organisation / European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. download 

Molcho, M., Bjarnason, T., Cristini, F., Gaspar de Matos, M., Koller, T., Moreno, C., Nic Gabhainn, S., & Santinello, M. (2009). Foreign-born children in Europe: an overview from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. Brussels: International Organisation for Migration. download 

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2009). Health at a Glance 2009: OECD Indicators. Paris: OECD Publishing. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2009). A Snapshot of the Health of Young People in Europe. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download  

2008

Currie, C., Nic Gabhainn, S., Godeau, E., Roberts, C., Smith, R., Currie, D., Pickett, W., Richter, M., Morgan, A., & Barnekow, V. (eds.) (2008). Inequalities in young people's health: HBSC International Report from the 2005/2006 Survey. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2008). Statistical Bulletin 2008. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. download from http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/stats08 

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2008). Social Cohesion for Mental Well-Being Among Adolescents. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

2007

Bradshaw, J., Hoelscher, P., & Richardson, D. (2007). Comparing Child Well-being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods. Innocenti Working Paper. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download

Branca, F., Nikogosian, H., & Lobstein, T. (Eds.) (2007). The challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region and the strategies for response. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Branca, F., Nikogosian, H., & Lobstein, T. (Eds.) (2007). The challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region and the strategies for response: summary. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Orkenyi, A., Zakarias, I., Varnai, D., Kokonyei, G., & Nemeth, A. (2007). Resilience: the art of adjustment. Budapest: European Commission and the Hungarian National Institute of Child Health. download

Schoeppe, S., & Braubach, M. (2007). Tackling obesity by creating healthy residential environments. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

United Nations Children's Fund. (2007). Child poverty in perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries. Innocenti Report Card 7.  Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download 

2006

Anderson, P. & Baumberg, B. (2006). Alcohol in Europe. London: Institute of Alcohol Studies. download

Cavill, N., Kahlmeier, S., & Racioppi, F. (Eds.) (2006). Physical activity and health in Europe: evidence for action. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Edwards, P., & Tsouros, A. (2006). Promoting physical activity and active living in urban environments. The role of local governments. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Margo, J., Dixon, M., Pearce, N. & Reed, H. (2006). Freedoms Orphans: Raising Youth in a Changing World. London: Institute for Public Policy Research. download 

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2006). Food and nutrition policy for schools. A tool for the development of school nutrition programmes in the European Region. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2006). Highlights on health in Ireland 2004. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe & Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Forum. (2006). Addressing the Socioeconomic Determinants of Healthy Eating Habits and Physical Activity levels among Adolescents. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

2005

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2005). The European Health Report 2005: Public Health Action for Healthier Children and Populations. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

Young, I. (Ed). (2005). Growing through adolescence. Edinburgh: NHS Scotland & Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

2004

Currie, C., Roberts, C., Morgan, A., Smith, R., Settertobulte, W., Samdal, O., & Barnekow-Rasmussen, V. (Eds.) (2004). Young People's Health in Context. International Report from the 2001/2002 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents 4. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

Hackauf, H., & Winzen, G. (2004). Information and communication network concerning health-related prevention projects for young people in the European Union. Final Report. Munich: German Youth Institute. download

World Health Organization. (2004). Child and adolescent health and development. Progress report 2002-2003. Geneva: World Health Organization. download

2003

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2003). Development of a WHO global strategy on diet, physical activity and health: European regional consultation. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. download

2002

Aboderin, I., Kalache, A., Ben-Shlomo, Y., Lynch, J.W., Yajnik, C.S., Kuh, D., & Yach, D. (2002). Life Course Perspectives on Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke and Diabetes: Key Issues and Implications for Policy and Research. Geneva: World Health Organization. download

2001

Settertobulte, W., Bruun Jensen, B., & Hurrelman, K. (2001). Drinking among Young Europeans. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents 3. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

2000

Currie, C., Hurrelmann, K., Settertobulte, W., Smith, R., & Todd, J. (Eds.) (2000). Health and Health Behaviour among Young People. International Report from the 1997/1998 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents 2. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

Gender Mainstreaming Programme WHO Regional Office for Europe, & Child and Adolescent Health and Development Programe WHO Geneva. (2000). Boys in the picture: Gender based programming in adolescent health and development in Europe. CopenHagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe & Geneva: World Health Organization. download

1999

Kolip, P. & Schmidt, H. (1999). Gender and Health in Adolescence. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents 1. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download  

Department of Education and Justice. (1999). Annual Report on School Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education and Justice. download