Brief History

There are many different explanations of the origin of the name of the city of Galway (Gaillimh). The ancient Irish used the term 'na Gall' to refer to foreigners. The name may have derived then from the Anglo-Norman settlement the de Burgos formed beside the River Corrib in the 13th Century.

After Richard de Burgos built his castle in 1236, a medieval town started to develop within its walls. The walls of the castle had expanded to fourteen towers by the 17th century.

Galway became a very wealthy town due to the trading activities in its port, which became the next after London and Bristol. The city reached the status of Royal Borough in 1396, and in 1484 power was transferred from the de Burgos to the leading fourteen merchant families or tribes when Richard III of England gave to it mayoral status.

The aftermath of the Parliamentarian and Religious Wars of the 17th Century saw Galway much reduced in status. A partial recovery based on its water-power industries occurred during the 19th century. In the last quarter of this century, Galway has concentrated on promoting its tourist potential and building a strong local industrial base.


Things to see

Galway is a beautiful city to walk in. Its size makes it perfect to have a walk and enjoy the atmosphere of the city center. Eyre Square, Shop St., Quays St., the Spanish Arch, the Docks... All these "must sees" are within walking distance in the city center.

Also, a walk along the promenade in Salthill is unmissable, with stunning views over Galway Bay.

Also, the surroundings of the city have a lot of attractions that cannot be missed. Along the Lough Corrib and Connemara, there are many spots where one can see amazing scenery.

You can find more information about Galway in the following link.